4070 * HABITAT RESTORATION SERVICES AND WORKS
on works made by BRANCUSI FOREST DISTRICT within the contract ”4070* HABITAT RESTORATION SERVICES AND WORKS IN LIFE + 11 / NAT / RO / 825 PROJECT”
- WORKS FOR OBTAINING PINUS MUGO SEEDS
To obtain Pinus Mugo seeds, there were carried out the following works:
– In September 2012, Brancusi Forest District staff (engineers and foresters) harvested the quantity of 6 hl of cones, from local populations of Pinus Mugo from Mount Oslea.
– Harvested cones were directly transported, with their backs, in backpacks, by staff that did the harvesting, on a distance up to 4 km, to the place where off-road vehicles had access.
– Drying the 6 hl of Pinus Mugo cones was made in the period 29.09-15.10.2012 in natural conditions, in the house attic.
– Between 16.10-24.10.2012 peeling and manually winnowing was done for the quantity of 6.5 kg of seeds.
– On 10/25/2012 Pinus Mugo seed was transported to ICAS Brasov for storage in laboratory conditions and to obtain analysis report for seeds.
- SOLARIUM WORKS OF CONSTRUCTION
– Works of construction of the solarium necessary for producing Pinus Mugo saplings were made in June 2013. A solarium was built, with a total area of 100 sqm, from which 90 sqm cultivated area.
– The solarium has a length of 20 m and a width of 5 m. The walls are 2 m high, and the roof is two waters.
– 250 sqm foil was used to cover the solarium.
– All construction works for the solarium have been performed by the forestry personnel within the district.
- WORKS FOR OBTAINING SAPLINS WITHIN THE SOLARIUM
– In the autumn of 2012 the district staff gathered the amount of 25.2 c.m. humus
spruce and beech from the woods, followed by its screening and direct transport of riddled humus, on a distance of 2 km, up to the transportation means.
– Transporting humus from the forest to the solarium site was made with the
truck owned by Pestisani Congregation.
– There have been made excavations between concrete sidewalks, for the nutrient bed platform.
The earth resulted was loaded in wheelbarrow and carried outside the solarium.
– On 2 and 3 July the solarium nutrient bed has been prepared, with the composition of 50% softwood humus and 50% beech humus and placed in layer with a thickness of 15.1-20 cm.
– On 4 July 2013 the nutrient bed has been disinfected by watering with sprinkler with formalin solution and water, at a concentration of 1%, using 10 liters of solution per sqm. The nutrient bed thus treated with solution, was covered with foil.
– On 8 July, the foil from the nutrient bed has been removed and the nutrient bed has been scattered for ventilation.
– On 9 and 10 July, ditches were traced with marking board and Pinus Mugo seed has been sown at a depth of 1 cm.
– Over the seed sown in the ditch, fresh spruce needles were sprinkled and coating the sowed seeds was made by pressing screened humus.
– On July 16, 2013, Pinus Mugo seeds have sprung up, and within 4 days a very good sprouting was obtained, uniform, which confirmed the very good quality of seed foreseen on the analysis report. About 100 saplings per meter of row have sprung, a very good sprouting, since a density of 35 saplings per meter of row is enough to ensure the necessary of saplings.
– On the day of 18/07/2013 the crop was preventively treated with copper sulfate solution.
– Further on, preventive treatments have been applied against “saplings lying down” every 7 days, alternative with the following solutions: BRAVO, TOPSIN, FOLPAN.
– The evolution of Pinus Mugo culture was monitored every day and ensuring the necessary humidity and maintaining the crop in a very good vegetation condition has been aimed.
– It was watered with the hose, with spray, with water from the mains town every night and got weeded whenever necessary.
– To ensure optimal density, we proceeded to thinning the culture.
– Since seeding in solarium was delayed due to delay in signing the contract, as a result of complaints, not all Pinus Mugo saplings have stems lignified and that is why measures were necessary for the protection of saplings on winter time, not provided the contract.
– Thus, there has been placed a foil in the solarium with thermic effect and drip stopping, foil which doubled the solarium side walls and roof.
– Also over the two saplings grounds a microporous film has been laid down, for frost protection.
– The culture has been also supervised in colder periods and we found out that by means of taken measures – there were provided good conditions for saplings in solarium to safely pass the winter time.
– Currently the solarium Pinus Mugo crop is in excellent condition, the number of saplings necessary for replication procedure has been provided, these having dimensions of 4-6cm.
- WORKS FOR RELICATION OF PINUS MUGO SAPLINGS IN THE SOLARIUM
– Approx. 40,000 Pinus Mugo saplings have been manually pulled out in polyethylene bags in order to replicate them;
– Pinus Mugo sapling size for replication: stem length approx. 4 to 6 cm, root length 8 -10 cm, package diameter 1-2mm;
– The 40,000 Pinus Mugo saplings fit for replicating procedure, were replicated in polyethylene bags, which were provided with holes in the bottom half, to keep the system fully radicelar and to allow water drainage;
- NURSERY FOUNDATION WORKS IN POINT GEAMANU
– Works of manually cleaning the land of brambles and raspberry and grassy layer assembly;
– Flatwork and skeletal soil removal;
– Transportation trellis, fixing them in the field and catching the wire mesh and a row of barbed wire (wildlife protection);
– Plowing the nursery surface;
- TRANSFER OF SOLAR PINUS MUGO SAPLINGS IN THE NURSERY GEAMANU
– There were obtained approx. 36,000 saplings which after about a month of adapting to outside conditions, were transported in the nursery Geamanu, from OS Brancusi;
– Fertilizing, weeding and watering works (if necessary).
– Maintenance work until the autumn of 2015 when we will get on to the final phase of planting them in Mount Oslea.